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The recent outbreak of Coronavirus has left everyone anxious about their safety. With the amount of misinformation out there, it has been difficult to figure out which one to heed to and which one to avoid.
Our aim in writing this blog is to help you be aware of the right facts about Coronavirus and take the necessary steps to prevent infection.
An Introduction to Coronavirus:
Coronaviruses are a type of virus that is known to affect the respiratory tract of animals as well as humans. They are part of the Coronavirinae subfamily which falls under the Coronaviridae family. Some of the most common types of Coronavirus include:
Some of the rare strains include MERS-CoV causing the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), SARS-CoV causing the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). The most recent strain is that of the SARS-CoV-2 causing the Coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19).
Modes of transmission:
The primary mode of COVID-19 transmission is through respiratory droplets generated when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or talks. Droplets that settle on the eyes, nose, or mouth of a person in close proximity leads to the transmission of infection. Transmission can also occur by touching the face with contaminated hands. Respiratory droplets do not remain suspended in the air for long; hence, a distance of six feet away from an infected person may be considered safe. Coronavirus may contaminate metal, glass, or plastic surfaces that may remain effective for several days. Contact with such contaminated surfaces and subsequent transfer to the face by touch may also be an important mode of transmission.
Airborne transmission, distinct from droplet infection, is characterized by viruses that drift through the air. It is unclear if airborne transmission occurs with COVID-19 infection. The possibility of airborne transmission requires the use of additional protective measures, including N95 masks.
Overall the most common ways in which Coronavirus can spread are:
How to Prevent Coronavirus infection transmission?
In case you are diagnosed with Coronavirus, your healthcare provider will decide whether you need to be hospitalized or can remain at home. In case you’re asked to stay at home, you’ll be monitored by the state healthcare department.
You should adhere to the following steps before you can return to your normal activities:
You should remain in home isolation until your healthcare provider feels that the risks of secondary transmission are low.